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   st. kitts quick facts   

 

 

Geography

 

 

 

 

Location  - Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates
  - 17 20 N, 62 45 W

Map references
  - Central America and the Caribbean

Area
 
total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
water: 0 sq km
land: 261 sq km

Area - comparative
  - 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
  - 0 km

Coastline
  - 135 km

Maritime claims
 
contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate  - tropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain
  - volcanic with mountainous interiors

Elevation extremes
 
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m

Natural resources
  - arable land

Land use
 
arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 2.78%
other: 80.55% (1998 est.)

 
Natural hazards  - hurricanes (July to October)
 
Environment - international agreements 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
 
Geography - note 
with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island

 

People

Population  - 38,736 (July 2002 est.)

Age structure
 
0-14 years: 29.4% (male 5,827; female 5,571)
15-64 years: 61.9% (male 11,980; female 12,005)
65 years and over: 8.7% (male 1,383; female 1,970) (2002 est.)

Population growth rate
  - 0.01% (2002 est.)

Birth rate
  - 18.61 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate
  - 9.04 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate
  -9.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Sex ratio
 
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

Infant mortality rate
  - 15.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
 
total population: 71.29 years
female: 74.26 years (2002 est.)
male: 68.49 years

Total fertility rate
  - 2.39 children born/woman (2002 est.)
 
Nationality 
noun: Kittitian(s)
adjective: Kittitian

Ethnic groups
  - predominantly black some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese

Religions
  - Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic

Languages
  - English

Literacy
 
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97%
male: 97%
female: 98% (1980 est.)

 

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Government type
  - constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament

Capital
  - Basseterre

Administrative divisions
 
14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point

Independence
  - 19 September 1983 (from UK)

National holiday
  - Independence Day, 19 September (1983)

Constitution
  - 19 September 1983

Legal system
  - based on English common law

Suffrage
  - 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
 
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)

Legislative branch
 
unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SKNLP 8, CCM 2, NRP 1
elections: last held 6 March 2000 (next to be held by July 2005)

Judicial branch
  - Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts and Nevis)

Political parties and leaders
 
Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsey GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
 
International organization participation 
ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation in the US
 
chief of mission: Ambassador Osbert LIBURD
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740
consulate(s) general: New York

Diplomatic representation from the US
  - The US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis

Flag description
  - divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red

 

Economy

Economy - overview 
Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the St. Kitts economy until the 1970s. Although the crop still dominates the agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. As tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange, a decline in stopover tourist arrivals following the September 11 terrorist attacks has eroded government finances. The government revised estimates of 2001 growth down to 1% and faces dim recovery prospects in 2002, given the depressed state of the tourism industry, low sugar prices, and a growing budget deficit.
GDP  - purchasing power parity - $339 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate  1% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita  purchasing power parity - $8,700 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: 4%
industry: 26%
services: 71% (2001) (2001)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)  - 1.7% (2001 est.)
Labor force  - 18,172 (June 1995)
Unemployment rate  - 4.5% (1997) (1997)
Budget 
revenues: $85.7 million
expenditures: $95.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
Industries  - sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Electricity - production  - 95 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity consumption  - 88.35 million kWh (2000)
Agriculture products  - sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Exports  - $51.7 million (2000 est.)
Exports commodities  machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports partners  - US 68.5%, UK 22.3%, Caricom countries 5.5% (1995 est.)
Imports  - $141.3 million (2000 est.)
Imports commodities  - machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports partners  - US 42.4%, Caricom countries 17.2%, UK 11.3% (1995 est.)
Debt external  - $140 million (2000) (2000)
Economic aid recipient  - $5.5 million (1995) (1995)
Currency  - East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code  - XCD
Exchange rates  - East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Fiscal year  - calendar year

 

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use  - 17,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular  - 205 (1997)
Telephone system 
general assessment: good interisland and international connections
domestic: interisland links to Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) are handled by VHF/UHF/SHF radiotelephone
international: international calls are carried by radiotelephone to Antigua and Barbuda and switched there to submarine cable or to Intelsat; or carried to Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) by radiotelephone and switched to Intelsat
Radio broadcast stations  - AM 1, FM 7
Television broadcast stations  - 1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
Televisions  - 10,000 (1997)
Internet country code  - .kn
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)  - 16 (2000)
Internet users  - 2,000 (2000)

 

Military

Military branches  - Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (including Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force (including Special Service Unit)

 

 

 

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